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Fishing
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Despite significant potential the fishery sector contributes negligibly to the development of the primary sector. The Republic of Djibouti has a coastline of 372 km long and abundant fishery resources estimated at about 50,000 tonnes per year.
The primary sector, including agriculture, livestock, forestry and fishing, has recorded an annual growth of 3.5% of GDP in 2011. However, this is an area deemed with high priority by the Government in its strategy against poverty and improving food security.
Traditionally, fisheries practiced in Djibouti are a food fish. With 372 km of coastline, the area of continental shelf Djibouti exploited by fisheries is about 2 276 km2. The fishing zone exploited by the artisanal fisheries is those in sandy facies, where the continental shelf widens. The potential fish with sustainable levels of exploitation are estimated at 9 300 tons for demersal fish and large pelagics and 22 000 tons for small pelagic, domestic production varies between 1 600 and 1 900 tons of annual landings.
The majority of fishermen (95%) use boats 6 to 8 m long, fiberglass, equipped with outboard engines of 25 to 40 horses, including the crew varies between 3 and 4 fishermen. Currently, the fisheries sector provides permanent employment of 3 600 persons.

Fishing production in tons

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

Red sea fishing port

145

550

521

464

1 760

Independent individuals

1215

1 038

1 235

1 041

271

Production of Obock

136

117

150

133

161

Production of Tadjourah

52

50

61

32

53

Other  productions

42

46

63

32

50

Total

1 590

1 801

2 168

1 701

2 296

Source: Annuaire statistique Dised

 

Among the most interesting sites are Obock and Tadjourah, which have a hot and humid climate from April to October, and a cool and wet climate in the winter. The south-eastern coastal zone in the Arta district offers substantial potential as well.